Tips on how to diagnose and treat cataracts

Tips on how to diagnose and treat cataracts

Not all eye problems lead to cataracts. One can assume that all issues that occur in the eye are cataracts. Although virtually all eye problems have similar symptoms, one needs to do some series of tests before concluding if one is battling with cataracts or other eye problems. The challenge here is that it is expedient for you to visit your doctor before taking any medications. Several people have entirely lost their sight because they assumed they had cataracts, and they proceeded on self-medications. What are we saying in essence? We are saying that, if at all you will need to do cataract surgery, let it be a piece of information from your eye doctor based on the series of tests he has done to examine the condition of your eyes.

However, this write-up is here to help every individual have an idea of how to diagnose and treat cataracts. The information provided here will help you know the exact time to visit the doctor, and you will be to affirm it when the doctor tells you that you’ll be going for cataract surgery. Let us start from scratch. We will begin by explaining what it means for one to have a cataract. 

What is a cataract?

A cataract is a thick, cloudy area that forms in the lens area of the eye. Cataract surgery usually starts when proteins in the eye form clumps that prevent the lens from sending clear images to the retina. And once clear images are not being sent to the retina, then there’s a problem. Remember, the retina works by converting light that comes through the lens into signals. Therefore, when the lens cannot send explicit images to the retina, the problem begins to develop gradually, and it will eventually interfere with one’s vision. And if it has not been taken care of, one can end up with a cataract in both eyes. Please note that cataracts don’t usually form at the same time. It will start with one eye; if it is not treated on time, it will gradually move to the other eye. If you have a cataract, there’s nothing to worry about. Research has shown that several people are battling cataracts in the world. Once you’ve been diagnosed with a cataract, you will need to undergo cataract surgery, and your site will be fully restored. Therefore, there’s no cause for alarm.

What are the symptoms of cataracts? 

There’s a tendency you’ll need cataract surgery if you see these symptoms:

  1. Blurry vision: things begin to look cloudy or dim. You will find it so hard to do some daily activities like reading and driving.
  2. Trouble seeing at night: It may later move to the essence that you will not be able to see clearly in the night. Some nighttime activities like driving become impossible.
  3. Seeing colors as faded: If you have a cataract, all colors become faded to you. At some point, you will not be able to tell the difference between colors again.
  4. Increased sensitivity to glare.
  5. Another symptom of cataracts is that you may be feeling that you need to change your glasses, that is, if you’ve been using one.  

How to diagnose a cataract

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Remember, we said if you notice the above-listed symptoms, the first to visit an ophthalmologist. Don t allow anyone to tell you that what you need to do is go for cataract surgery without a series of tests being done to examine the condition of your eyes. It is expedient for you to know that your eye doctor must perform a comprehensive test on your watch to check for cataracts. The test that will be carried out to examine you must include an eye chart test. The eye chart test will help to prevent your vision at different distances. Not only that, your eye pressure must be measured as well. Click here to read about tips on how to fight cataracts in babies and children.

The most common tonometry test uses a trouble-free puff of air to level your cornea and test your eye pressure. Also, don’t be scared when you see your doctor putting drops in your eyes. This will make your pupils bigger, and …

Tips on how to fight cataracts in babies and children

Tips on how to fight cataracts in babies and children

In the olden days, people believed that cataracts could only be seen in older adults. In fact, some believe that cataract is a sign of old age. Could this be through? Of course, No! The fact remains that some children are born with a cataract. Although cataracts in babies and children result from the lens not being informed the way it should be during pregnancy. Remember, one of the types of cataracts is congenital cataracts. Congenital cataracts are hereditary. They are cataracts that one is born with. Also, this cataract forms when one is still a child. Congenital cataracts are sometimes linked to one’s genes and some other illness that your mother had during pregnancy. When these cataracts are small or outside the middle of the lens, they may not need any treatment. But once the child is born with this cataract blocking their vision, there’s a need for cataract surgery. The baby will need cataract surgery because if care is not taken, this cataract can stop the baby’s eye from learning to see.

However, research has shown that chromosomal problems can cause congenital cataracts. Chromosomal issues occur when there’s an extra chromosome, while others occur when a section of a chromosome is deleted or duplicated. Examples of chromosomal problems are Down syndrome, trisomy 18, and 13.  Click here to read more about Cataracts eye surgery in Sydney.

Congenital cataracts: Causes, types and treatment

We have seen children undergoing cataract surgery right from the time of their birth. Furthermore, cataracts can be in a child during pregnancy, and they can also occur after childbirth. Cataracts that are caused after delivery are called acquired. Then what are the causes of acquire?

Acquire can be caused by eye swelling, subconjunctival hemorrhages, traumatic iritis, and corneal abrasion. Other causes of cataracts after childbirth are diabetes, eye problems, radiation treatment, and steroids. And at times, after some series of tests have been done, the doctor may not know why a child gets cataracts. At times, they go for cataract surgery once they notice a cataract in a baby.

How to find out if a baby has a cataract

It is impossible to see the cataract in babies because they can’t express how they feel. It is always hard for children to explain vision problems to their parents not to talk about cataract surgery. They might not even know that there is something wrong with the way they see things. Unlike the adults, they will tell you the exact way they feel, giving the doctor some clues. It is straightforward for the doctor to quickly inform the adult that they will need to undergo cataract surgery. What are we saying in essence?  We are trying to show you how hard it might be for one to know if a child will be going for cataract surgery or not. Of course, it is hard but not impossible. 

Therefore, what you may likely see in children as a sign of cataract is a white or gray spot inside the pupil. However, another way to find out if your child has a cataract is to ensure that your child’s vision is checked regularly. Remember what we said earlier that they are too small to tell you how they feel audibly.

It is expedient for you to know that a baby of four months old should be able to look around and track things with their eyes. Once you notice that your baby can’t do that, they might need to undergo cataract surgery. Also, if you see that your child’s eyes are not in alignment, which means they are not looking in the same direction, there’s a problem.  

One thing you should note as a parent is that the earlier you find out your child has cataracts, the better their sightedness will be in the long term.

The first step you must take is to do a vision screening for them at childbirth to know the state of their eyes. At newborns, the doctor will check their eyes for cataracts and other eye problems. The work doesn’t end there. Ensure that they visit an eye doctor to have a vision test throughout their infancy and childhood. 

How can cataracts be treated in babies and children?